Psych 1-5 Flash Cards

 
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Physical dependence occurs when a person needs to use a drug to prevent _____.


psychological dependence


tolerance and withdrawal


addiction


withdrawal symptoms
withdrawal symptoms 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
Small doses of this drug can interfere with the electrical system of the heart, and cause strokes by constricting blood supply to the brain.


barbiturates


Valium


cocaine


alcohol
cocaine 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
Psychoactive drugs can _____.


alter the production of neurotransmitters


increase or slow down the storage or release of neurotransmitters


prevent or mimic the reception of neurotransmitters on the next neuron


all of these options
all of these options 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
_____ is (are) BEST defined as our awareness of our environments and ourselves.


Alternate huffman9110c05 (ASCs)


Selective attention


Consciousness


huffman9110c05
Consciousness 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
Which of the following lists contain ONLY psychoactive drugs?


antacids, antidepressants, and antipsychotics


caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol


aspirin, L-Dopa, and Prozac


insulin, narcotics, and hallucinogens
caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
Your text reports that the suspected cause of sleep apnea is _____.


malnutrition, alcoholism, or obesity


an airway blockage or the brain's failure to signal the diaphragm


a mystery to sleep researchers at this time


a malfunction in the reticular activating system or the brain stem
an airway blockage or the brain's failure to signal the diaphragm 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
Research shows that this drug can impair memory, impair lung functioning and immune response, interfere with proper reproductive functioning, and can adversely affect the brain.


alcohol


barbiturates


opiates


marijuana
marijuana 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
Singh finds that he has to drink several more beers to get the same buzz he used to get with one or two. It is likely that Singh has developed _____.


an intolerance to alcohol


a psychoactive addiction


a tolerance to alcohol


a better ability to metabolize alcohol
a tolerance to alcohol 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
The condition that compels someone to use a specific drug or engage in a certain activity is called ______.


drug dependence


cross-tolerance


drug abuse


addiction
addiction 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
This is a method of dream interpretation that emphasizes the roles of manifest and latent dream content.


Mayan Indian communal theory


Hobson's Activation hypothesis


McCarley's Synthesis hypothesis


Freud's wish-fulfillment theory
Freud's wish-fulfillment theory 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
Opiates are used to achieve _____.


analgesia and pain relief


feelings of relaxation


euphoria


all of these options
all of these options 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
Your BEST strategy for passing this exam is to _____.


use controlled processing


engage in a stream of consciousness


cross your fingers


let your unconscious be your guide
use controlled processing 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
Dieting, surgery, dental appliances, and tennis balls are all recommended treatments for _____.


nightmares


sleep apnea


insomnia


parasomnia
sleep apnea 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
The evolutionary/circadian theory of sleep says that sleep _____.


is necessary for the evolution of our species into spiritual beings


conserves energy and protects us from predators


restores the biological rhythms that would otherwise be disrupted by round-the-clock wakefulness


evolved to decrease the number of hours of daydreaming
conserves energy and protects us from predators 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
Which class of drugs reviewed in your text can cause increased perceptions of power?


hallucinogens


stimulants


opiates


depressants
stimulants 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
Which of the following is FALSE about sleep apnea?


It is characterized by periods of a minute or more without breathing.


It is accompanied by repeated awakenings, gasping for breath, and daytime sleepiness.


It is a suspected factor in snoring, high blood pressure, and heart attack.


all of these options are true
all of these options are true 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
A drug that blocks the action of the neurotransmitter is called _____.


a beta drug


a psychoantagonistic drug


an antagonist


a de-activator
an antagonist 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
Automatic processes require _____ attention.


internal


minimal


unconscious


delta wave
minimal 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
When the brain is sorting out and attending only to the most important messages from the senses, it is engaged in the process of _____.


sensory adaptation


selective attention


selective sorting


sensory habituation
selective attention 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
When you first put your clothes on this morning you felt them on your skin, but within minutes you no longer noticed them. This is an example of _____.


the fabric of your life


habituation


sensory accommodation


sensory adaptation
sensory adaptation 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
A person sees what they expect to see due to mental predispositions called ___________.


perceptual adaptation.


frame of reference.


retinal continuity.


perceptual sets.
perceptual sets. 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
Specialized cells in the brain that respond only to certain sensory information are known as _____.


convergence


retinal disparity


feature detectors


visual constancies
feature detectors 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
The process of receiving, transducing, and transmitting information from the outside world is called _____.


sensation


detection


integration


perception
detection 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
According to the most fundamental Gestalt principle of organization, our perceptions consist of _____.


figure and ground


sensation and selection


contiguity and continuity


contour and detour
figure and ground 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
The tendency for the environment to be perceived as remaining the same even with changes in sensory input is called _____.


Gestalt's primary principle


the constancy of expectation


an illusory correlation


perceptual constancy
perceptual constancy 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:30 GMT view revision history
_____ are false impressions of the environment; whereas _____ are sensory perceptions that occur without external stimulus.


Hallucinations; delusions


Delusions; Illusions


Illusions; delusions


Illusions; hallucinations
Illusions; hallucinations 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
The ___________ for hearing is the tick of a watch at 20 feet.


stimulation threshold


absolute threshold


difference threshold


noticeable difference threshold
absolute threshold 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
When you listen to music, the sound waves are converted into neural impulses for your brain to process. This is called _____.


transformation


perceptual transduction


transduction


sensory transmission
transduction 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Habituation occurs in the _____; sensory adaptation occurs in the _____.


conscious mind; unconscious mind


peripheral nervous system; central nervous system


sensory lobe; parietal lobe


brain; sensory receptors
brain; sensory receptors 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
As a flock of Canadian geese flies overhead in its familiar "V" formation, the geese are seen as _____ and the sky as _____.


continuity; closure


a sensation; perception


ground; figure


figure; ground
figure; ground 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Smell and taste can be adversely affected by the _____.


trichromatic theory


common cold


opponent-process theory


all of these options
common cold 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
_____ results from stimulation of receptor cells in the nose.


Audition


Olfaction


Pheromones


Vestibular sense
Olfaction 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Our senses adapt to continuous, repetitive stimulation because this allows us to _____.


operate more efficiently


be more alert to change


both of these options


none of these options; our senses do not adapt
both of these options 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
The chemical senses are _____. taste and smell 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
The lowest or quietest sound people can hear is their _____. absolute threshold 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Airborne chemicals released from one individual that affect another individual's behavior are known as _____. pheromones 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Research on _____ demonstrates that some information processing occurs below our conscious awareness. subliminal stimuli 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Sensation is the process of _____ raw sensory data from the internal and external world and transmitting it to the brain. receiving and translating 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
When diagnosed with diabetes, Derek placed his fate in God's hands. Derek's method of coping suggests that he has an _____ locus of control. external 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Money is an important coping resource because _____. it increases your options for eliminating stressors or reducing stress 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
If the circumstances that are creating your stress can be changed, _____ forms of coping are likely to be MOST effective. problem-focused 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
_______ coping can allow people to step back from an especially overwhelming problem, which they can reassess later. Emotion-focused 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
You have a minor car accident after which you experience sweaty palms, rapid breathing, and a racing heart. In this situation, _____ is the stressor, and _____ is the stress. the accident; your physical reaction 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
In your text, the physical and mental arousal to situations that we perceive as threatening or challenging is called _____. stress 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
People who experience flashbacks, nightmares, and impaired functioning following a life-threatening or other horrifying event are _____. experiencing posttraumatic stress disorder 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
As Michael watches his instructor pass out papers, he suddenly realizes this is the first major exam and he is totally unprepared. Which phase of the GAS is the he most likely experiencing? phaseout 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
A physiological alarm reaction, followed by resistance, and ending with exhaustion is known as _____. the general adaptation syndrome 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Hypercortisolism can lead to all EXCEPT which of the following choices? hypertension
depression
PTSD
drug and alcohol abuse

*it can lead to all of these choices
0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Tanner wants to make his mother's favorite dish but has no cardamom, an essential ingredient. He tries, unsuccessfully, to borrow some from three of his neighbors. He drives to several stores-none of them have it. The negative emotion Tanner begins to experience is called _____. frustration 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
An elevator got stuck between floors and kept its occupants trapped for hours. Which of the occupants was likely to experience the MOST frustration? the woman who was late for her job interview 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Moving to a new city is considered a _____, whereas filling out change of address cards for all of your subscriptions and creditors is considered a _____. stressor; hassle 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Small problems of daily living that accumulate and sometimes become a major source of stress are called _____. hassles 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
When one is forced to choose between two or more different and incompatible functions, one is experiencing ______. role conflict 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
This is a TRUE statement about SRRS scores. They are correlated with illness. 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
The Social Readjustment Rating Scale constructed by Holmes and Rahe measures the stress in a person's life on the basis of _____. life changes 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Mari received a heavy blow to her left frontal lobe and now is having problems with her speech. She is suffering from_____________________. Broca's aphasia. 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
The long tube-like structure that conveys impulses away from the cell body toward other neurons, muscles, or glands is called a(n) _____. axon 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
The central nervous system consist of: consists of the brain and spinal cord 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
A neuron is _____. A cell of the nervous system responsible for receiving and transmitting electrochemical information 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
An impulse travels through the structures of the neuron in the following order: dendrites, cell body, axon 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Chemical messengers that are released by axons and stimulate dendrites on another neuron are called _____. neurotransmitters 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
In most adults the right hemisphere is where ____________ would be found. nonverbal abilities 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
The ______________ is a layer of fatty insulation, wrapped around the axon of some neurons that increases the rate at which nerve impulses travel along the axon. myelin sheath 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
_____ are threadlike strands of DNA molecules that carry genetic information. Chromosomes 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
If you run a marathon, your body will release _____ to elevate your mood and reduce your pain. endorphins 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
A collection of glands found throughout the body that manufacture and secrete hormones into the bloodstream in order to effect behavioral change or maintain normal bodily functions is called the _____.
hypothalamus
endocrine system 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Chemicals that are manufactured by endocrine glands and circulated in the bloodstream to change or maintain bodily functions are called _____. hormones 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
The BEST definition of the myelin sheath is a _____. fatty insulation wrapped around some axons that increases the rate at which impulse travel along the axon 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Neurotransmitters perform different functions such as: regulate the actions of glands and muscles 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Drugs act at the synapse by _____. replacing, decreasing, or enhancing the amount of neurotransmitter 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
The interdisciplinary field that studies how biological processes relate to behavioral and mental processes is called ____. neuroscience 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
The master control center for the brain is the _____________. hypothalamus. 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Which of the following is NOT a method of 'Behavioral Genetics' research? split brain studies 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
If a trait is recessive, this means it will take _____ gene(s) for the trait to manifest itself in one's offspring. 2 recessive 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
According to the ________________ theory, modern sex differences are the product of gradual genetic adaptations. evolutionary 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
Genes are found on chromosomes and _____. carry the code for hereditary transmission 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 04:17:29 GMT view revision history
The BEST definition of an independent variable is a _____. variable that is manipulated by the experimenter to determine its causal effect on the dependent variable 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 03:42:02 GMT view revision history
The sound of music makes your feet start tapping. A behaviorist would say that the music is a _____, because it causes you to start foot-tapping. stimulus 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 03:42:02 GMT view revision history
Research participants who try to present themselves in a good light are demonstrating _____. the social desirability response 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 03:42:01 GMT view revision history
The inability to generalize research results to other people or situations is directly affected by _____. sample bias 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 03:42:01 GMT view revision history
Samantha specializes in evaluating, diagnosing, and treating mental and behavioral disorders. Samantha is a psychologist. clinical 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 03:42:01 GMT view revision history
In _____research, a researcher observes or measures (without manipulating) two or more variables to find relationships between them, without inferring a causal relationship. correlational 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 03:42:01 GMT view revision history
Experimenter bias refers to _____. the tendency of experimenters to influence the results of a study in the expected direction 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 03:42:01 GMT view revision history
If a psychology teacher lets students earn extra credit by volunteering for research, he/she is ethically required to _____. provide an alternative extra credit activity of equal value 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 03:42:01 GMT view revision history
In a study to test the effects of alcohol on driving, you were in a group of participants that drove poorly. This means that ____. there is insufficient information to determine your group 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 03:42:01 GMT view revision history
In a study on student conformity, researchers selected a group of college students who appeared to represent the characteristics of students from the entire college campus. The selected group served as the _____ of the college _____. sample; population 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 03:42:01 GMT view revision history
According to your textbook, the goals of psychology are to _____. describe, explain, predict, and change behavior 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 03:42:01 GMT view revision history
Your research class conducted an experiment on caffeine-induced stress in which neither the class researchers nor the participants in the experiment knew who did and did not receive caffeine until after the study was completed. This research technique is called a(n) _____. double-blind study 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 03:42:01 GMT view revision history
The BEST definition of a dependent variable is _____. a measurable behavior that is affected by the independent variable 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 03:42:01 GMT view revision history
The father of psychology is ________. Wilhelm Wundt 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 03:42:01 GMT view revision history
While conducting research, you unintentionally provide subtle cues to the study's participants about the purpose of the research, which influences your results in the direction you expected. This is a demonstration of _____. experimenter bias 0 ravanzuuk Fri, 10 Feb 2012 03:33:39 GMT view revision history

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