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DD307: Part 4 - Bystander Flash Cards

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Cherry’s feminist critique - research situated in a society where little intervention occurred w.r.t. violence to females
- abuse not recognised, especially within marriages ‘lovers’ quarrel’
- gender and sexual expectations important –:
o murder vs rape; ethnicity and social class
 was she only noticed because she was white middle class?
 Murderer was black – not commented upon by press as so usual? Context of anti-black racism in the US
- experiments can isolate some of these variables but can they discover individual, community, societal and cultural values; assumptions; inequalities and meanings?
- How similar is someone having a fit in the next room during an experiment to a woman being raped in the street outside your flat?

A feminist analysis was unavailable in the 1960s – these methods and theories were yet to be discovered
- Metholodologies and theories are also situated – products of time and place

Desire for objectivity masks researchers being transparent about their own positionings
- did you struggle being able to report why you chose the projects that you did in TMA05?
- Remember that your chosen topic, theory, method produces understanding

Critical social psychology argues that there is no one true description of the world and the people in it to be discovered

Knowledge production is an interaction between our own biography, that of individuals and society, and the methodology we use to elicit it

Paradigm has changed from why people to help, to why they standby in emergencies, but with no real change in method over the years, but a large number of situated variables, context and marginalised groups
0 Pocahontas Sun, 21 Aug 2011 21:26:54 GMT view revision history
Evaluation Socially relevant research but several social factors uncontrolled for
- Researchers’ motivations for doing the research
- Social context of emergency and helpers; helpers’ personal history and demography; victim’s personal history and demography; societal attitudes and values
- How do we know that it wasn’t these factors that caused no-one to help?
Intrapsychic explanations challenged by social ones
- personality measures didn’t predict helping
- but what do we already know about the constructions of traits and psychometrics?
- And are assumptions, values and vested interests measurable in this way?
0 Pocahontas Sun, 21 Aug 2011 21:26:54 GMT view revision history
Experimental (social cognitive) paradigm Found that group size and sex of participants predicted the likelihood and speed of help 0 Pocahontas Sun, 21 Aug 2011 21:26:54 GMT view revision history
Bystander intervention Theory based on murder of Kitty Genovese – why did people fail to act (help her)?

Darley and Latané felt that people felt torn between desire to help and feared consequences of helping
Diffused responsibility allowed each to think someone else would help; and share blame for not helping

Especially the case when unable to actually see whether help arrives
0 Pocahontas Sun, 21 Aug 2011 21:26:54 GMT view revision history

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